Alopecia areata: signs, treatment, symptoms, and causes

Hair fall is among those problems which are common with every individual these days. But every hair fall problem comes up with certain signs and symptoms. Here we will be going to discuss alopecia areata so that things will become clearer and the type of hair fall a person is having they can understand.

What is alopecia areata?

It’s a type of condition in which hair falls out into small patches. These are quite unnoticeable. In starting, the patches are not visible, but with the time, these do become noticeable. This problem arises when the immune system is attacking the hair follicles.

In starting, hair loss will occur on the scalp, and in certain cases, it has been noticed on eyebrows, face, and eyelashes. The development of this problem depends on the person. It makes it developed suddenly or take a lot more time.

When there is a condition that arises, which results in total hair loss, it is termed as alopecia Universalis. In this problem, it becomes impossible for hair to grow back. In case of hair grow back, then this will fall out again.

Sign for alopecia areata:

There is only a single sign of alopecia areata is available and linked with sudden hair loss. There relief patches of hair loss available on the scalp, and with the time, these become larger and result in a bald spot.


When it comes to an understanding of the permanent cure for alopecia areata, then there is no such cure available. But certain treatments are available which allow the individual to get rid of it. It will result in slow down future hair loss and also help the hairs to grow back more quickly.

An individual needs to be patient during the treatment because it will be going to take a lot of time, then certain solutions will come out.

Some treatments for it are as follows:

  • Medications, including minoxidil, anthralin are best to have for alopecia areata. An individual needs to understand that they are not having it in excess because it will results in more problem later on.
  • Corticosteroid creams are also available, which work ok on this problem. These reduce the inflammation in the hair follicle.
  • Topical immunotherapy is also a method in which Chemicals like diphencyprone are applied to the skin and take on to the allergic Rash. Also, this Rash may resemble poison that induces hair growth within six months. But it is important to be regular with the treatment to see the Regrowth.

Hair transplantation:

Hair transplantation can also become a treatment for alopecia areata. But in general, there is no specific application available with it. But in certain cases, when a person is suffering from alopecia Universalis, FUE hair transplantation is considered for them.

Causes of alopecia areata:

Alopecia areata is an autoimmune condition, and it is the result of immune system mistakes. Sometimes the immune system is not having the healthy cell available for foreign substances and then results in certain cases. The immune system is not capable of defending the body against these foreign particles, including bacteria and viruses.

In case a person is having alopecia areata, then this is the result of their immunity system. Moreover, in this condition, the follicles become so small that they stop producing hair as well. As a result, hair loss has been noticed.

Additionally, certain autoimmune conditions, including Type 1 Diabetes or rheumatoid arthritis, are also the reason for alopecia areata. Apart from Medical conditions, certain environmental factors also trigger alopecia areata, and there is no genetic relation available with it.

From the data mentioned above, it is quite clear that alopecia areata is a type of hair loss problem where patches appear on the skin resulting in some baldness.

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