Electromyography (EMG): This test will confirm that nerve damage is present and determine its severity. In response to stimulation and the nature and velocity of the conduction of electrical impulses along a nerve, an EMG measures the electrical activity of a muscle.
Imaging scans: Occasionally, magnetic resonance imaging ( MRI) or computed tomography ( CT) may be required to rule out other possible sources of facial nerve pressure, such as a tumor or skull fracture.
Treatment:Most people with Bell’s palsy, with or without medication, recover entirely. There is no one-size-fits-all cure for Bell’s paralysis, but medication or physical therapy can be recommended by your doctor to help up your recovery. Rarely is surgery a choice for Bell’s paralysis?
Corticosteroids: Strong anti-inflammatory agents, such as prednisone. It can fit more easily inside the bony corridor that surrounds it if they can reduce the swelling of the facial nerve. Corticosteroids may work best if they begin within a few days after your symptoms have started.
Antiviral drugs: The role of antivirals continues to remain unsettled. In contrast with placebo, antivirals alone showed little benefit. For certain people with Bell’s palsy, antivirals applied to steroids are potentially helpful, although this is still unproven.
However, despite this, in people with serious facial paralysis, valacyclovir (Valtrex) or acyclovir (Zovirax) is often administered in conjunction with prednisone.
Physical therapy: Paralyzed muscles, causing permanent contractures, will shrink and shorten. To help avoid this from happening, a physical therapist will show you how to massage and exercise your facial muscles.
Botulinum toxin: Botulinum toxin is a protein produced by the Clostridium botulinum bacterium that prevents acetylcholine from being released. The substance responsible for transmitting electrical impulses that cause the facial muscles to contract is acetylcholine.
Following facial palsy, overactivity of certain facial muscles can occur. In areas of the face (the medical term is synkinesis), this may lead to involuntary movements. For instance, when chewing or involuntary facial twitching may occur, the eye can close.
Botulinum toxin injection into the infected region temporarily paralyzes (weakens) the underlying muscles, thus relieving symptoms. Injection to the normal side is often used when the normal (unaffected) side of the face is overactive, to enhance symmetry.
Your first botulinum toxin treatment should be carried out by a consultant specialized in the treatment of facial paralysis. Either the contractor or the registrar may carry out subsequent treatments. A facial palsy rehabilitation therapist who will have completed specialist training will provide follow-up care in specialist centers.
Surgery: In the past, by opening the bony passage that the nerve passes through, decompression surgery was used to relieve some of the pressure on the facial nerve. Today, we do not recommend decompression surgery. Possible complications associated with this surgery are facial nerve damage and irreversible hearing loss.
To fix long-lasting facial nerve problems, plastic surgery can rarely be required. Facial recovery tends to make the face look evener and can restore the movement of the face. Eyebrow lifting, eyelid lifting, facial implants, and nerve grafts are examples of this type of surgery. Some procedures may need to be replicated after several years, such as an eyebrow raise.
For your Facial Palsy treatment in Jaipur, if you are looking for the best cosmetic surgeon, then you need to contact Cosmo-Hair Jaipur. Dr. Buddhi Prakash Sharma, a specialist, and well-experienced cosmetic surgeon in Jaipur. The major purpose of visiting Cosmo-Hair Jaipur is that they have an expert surgeon and very supportive and friendly nature staff who look after each patient as well as after the recovery. Cosm-Hair Jaipur has always maintained that the greatest-sterilized equipment is used without risk and that good hygiene is maintained in its environment.
Facial palsy is generally seen and requires prompt diagnosis and evaluation. Despite the favorable outcome of most patients, primary care physicians are called upon to understand the need for accurate diagnosis and the value of early treatment, particularly if the diagnosis is something other than Bell’s paralysis. To recognize those at risk of permanent paralysis and to take steps to prevent this, more research is needed.